Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

The reproductive system of women is prone to many sorts of diseases and infections. One such condition is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). PID is a serious health issue. If not treated on time, it may lead to difficulty in getting pregnant, issues in pregnancy and long- term pain in pelvic region. IT may occur at any age.

What Is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disorder or PID is an inflammation of the reproductive organs of women. The inflammation can be any part like uterus (womb), ovaries, cervix or fallopian tube.

What Are The Risk Factors Of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

The women who are at a higher risk of PID are:

  • Women who have Sexually Transmitted Infection.
  • Women who are less than 25 years of age but, had sex. Studies have shown that PID is more common in women between 15 to 24 years of age.
  • Women with history of PID.
  • Women who have multiple sex partners.
  • Women who have an IUD. The susceptibility to get PID is higher in first few weeks of insertion of an IUD.
  • Women who douche.

What Causes Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

Different kinds of bacteria may cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Sometimes it is caused by the STI causing bacteria, while sometimes by the normal bacteria present in the vagina.

The infection occurs when the bacteria migrate from vagina to cervix and other reproductive organs. Most of the times, PID is due to two most common Sexually Transmitted Infections- Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea.

Douching also cause PID.

What Are The Symptoms Of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

There are no clear signs and symptoms of PID. Thus, many women never get to know that they have PID. When present, the symptoms are:

  • The most common symptom is pain in the lower abdominal area.
  • Foul smelling discharge from vagina.
  • Fever (100.4° F or higher)
  • Pain while having sex
  • Pain while urinating
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • A rare symptom is pain in the upper right abdominal area.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) And Pregnancy

PID poses a lot of problems in pregnancy. The chances of getting pregnant are very thin is a woman has PID.

How is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease diagnosed?

Diagnosis can be done by:

  • Physical examination.
  • On the basis of signs and symptoms of STD
  • By checking the discharge from vagina
  • By checking pain and tenderness in reproductive organs
  • By checking any abscess near ovaries and fallopian tubes
  • Tests for STDs
  • Tests for UTIs
  • Ultrasound

What Is The Treatment Of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

  • Broad spectrum antibiotics are prescribed. At least 2 antibiotics are given.
  • Going to hospital is required if a woman is pregnant, have an abscess, need intravenous antibiotics or is sick.
  • Surgery is indicated when the abscess persists even after treatment

What Are The Consequences Of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

If left untreated PID may lead to chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility.